Wednesday, March 26, 2008


Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is widely used by our nation and it seems to affect more aspects in our lives as ICT is developing every day. There are discussions that concerning about the computer usage in education and it had rapidly passed through a number of phases. The first phase is on the need of computer literacy which emphasized on computer awareness and computer programming. Next, the second phase is emphasized on the role of the computer as a tool, and as a method for teaching problem solving. Finally, the third phase that recently addresses issues related to computer applications in support of the curriculum. Thus, ICT in education is one of the aspects that we are common with in our daily life. It gives several impacts towards learners, teachers and teaching.

First of all, ICT in education give impact in learning and learners. For student, ICT can attract student’s interest in learning as it provides wide array of information, study guide and effective lessons. Student can more understand about the lessons besides they can spend much time by searching information and doing online activities. This will help student in order to improve their attainment in studying. There are six studies that showed statistical evidence that ICT can enhance attainment in subjects. For example, UK’s largest impact study shows a raise in subject performance through ICT use in English, science and design, and technology. Also specific ICT uses, such as interactive whiteboards in the UK, had a positive effect on pupil’s performance in literacy, mathematics and science tests compared to students in other schools. They especially improved the performance of low achieving pupils in English and impact was greatest on writing.
Secondly, ICT in education make the teaching and learning session more effective.

Wellington reported that, teachers use computers in their classroom not because of the new technology but rather because of the positive results they bring to student achievement. Computer can help student by handling a wide range of activities and carried out the programmed functions at amazing speed. Student also can check exercises after they are done, move students gradually from easier to more difficult exercises according to their levels and abilities. According to Hoffman, when students fail to answer questions correctly or perform activities, the computer can simulate, drill, or explain the phenomenon in a way that makes it easier for the learner to understand.

Thirdly, ICT gives impact to teachers in increasing enthusiasm for the use of ICT. Study showed that teachers gain a positive attitude towards ICT through government interventions and training programs. As we know, job market now is searching for people who has ICT knowledge and competent in English. Therefore, this policy is to make sure that all teachers are well-equipped with ICT knowledge, so that they can teach their student effectively. Besides, using ICT in teaching can give teachers many ideas about teaching skill and new activities in class. There are many websites that provides teacher a wide range of ideas in teaching such as ESL Cafe,, and so forth.

In conclusion, ICT gives good advantages in education for the learners and teachers. ICT also can help student and teacher with the interesting activities that provides in the websites. The effectiveness of that kind of activities gives teachers ideas in teaching, so that student can enjoy their lesson. As a result student can more interest in studying ICT not only the activities but also the wide array information that can easily get from the internet sources.



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